Dujiangyan city, where the world famous Dujiangyan Irrigation System located, is always a travel destination for those who are curious about how the world oldest and only surviving no-dam irrigation system still work.
Why to Build the Dujiangyan Irritation System
Though Chengdu is praised as the ‘Land of Abundance’, over 2,200 years ago, the city was threatened by the frequent floods caused by the flooding of the Minjiang River, a tributary of the Yangtze River.
At that time, the local official of the Shu state, Li Bing, together with his son, decided to construct an irrigation system on the River t prevent flooding. After a lengthy study and years’ hard work by the local people, the great Dujiangyan Irrigation Project was completed. Nowadays, the project still plays a crucial role in draining off floodwater, irrigating farms and providing water resources for more than 50 cities in Sichuan province.
East Railway Station, about 10 km from Tianfu Square, is the largest modern passenger transport hub in southwest China. It mainly operats the high speed traisn from/to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chongqing, Changsha, Nanning and Dazhou. It newly Chengmianle Passenger Line is also operated here.
How Does Dujiangyan Irrigation System Work
Dujangyan Irrigation System prevent Chengdu city from flooding Minjiang River. During the low-water season, about 60% water of the Minjiang River is brought into the inner river for irrigation, while 40% of the water drawn into the outside river. The whole project consistsof three parts, namely Yuzui, Feishayan and Baopingkou, which interact with each other perfectly to form an effective water conservancy projust.
Yuzui, literally means the mouth of a fish in Chinese, is a watershed dividing the river into to parts: inner river and outside river.It is like a big fish lying in the Minjiang River.
Feishayan, the second part of the project, is a spillway that diverts the sand and stones of the inner river in to the outer river.
Baopingkou, literally means a neck of a bottle, is used to bring water into the inner river from Minjiang.
It was originated from about 978 years’ ago. During the traditional festival, local people drained water off the dam, offering sacrifices to the gods and ancestors on the banks every Qingming Festival in Dujiangyan. Nowadays, the official held the ceremony of the festival with many traditional activities so that people can have a better understanding about the history of Dujiangyan irrigation project. At the beginning of the festival, an ancient ritual is held with an orator reading an ode to Li Bing and his son. Then a sacred dance with dress from the Warring States Period (475-221 BC) is performed. The whole sacrificial ritual shows the admiration, praise, and esteem of local people towards their forefathers.
The highlight of the Draining Water festival is the Water Releasing Ceremony. A bamboo pole dance is the beginning of the ceremony. After an official, with ancient costume, riding a horse, passes the message for the water releasing to begin, strong workers open the cofferdam to release the water.
The newly-built Panda Base in Dujiangyan was opened in 2011. It is the research center to rescue and disease control of wild giant pandas. Visitors can experience a one-to-two days volunteer program to get close to cute pandas, working with Chinese staff there to take care of the pandas. Or pay for taking a picture with little panda. Only 20 visitors are allowed to take a picture with the panda a day.
Opening Hours: 08:00 – 17:00
Location:: Shiqiao Village, Qingchengshan County, Dujiangyan Prefecture.(about 50 km northeast of central Chengdu)
There are scheduled bullet trains from Chengdu to Dujiangyan City every 30 minutes a day. The price of ticket is 15 RMB. Visitors can take the trains at Chengdu North Railway Station.
Travelers can get a long-distance bus to Dujiangyan city from Chadianzi Bus Station. There are air-conditioned buses running from Chengdu to Dujiangyan every 5-10 minutes. It takes about 45 minutes. And once you arrive at Dujiangyan Bus Station, you can take a taxi to Lidui Park, where the Dujiangyan Irrigation System located.
It is fine to visit Dujiangyan city all year round, but the best time is between March and June or from September to November. The temperature of hot summer can be reach to 35 degrees, while in winter the average temperature is approximately 5 degrees.
Route: Chengdu - Jiuzhaigou
Route: Chengdu - Leshan - Emeishan - Chengdu
Route: Chengdu - Kangding - Gongga - Chengdu